The Cold War
The cold war was a rivalry between the U.S and the USSR that played out globally. The U.S feared that the USSR wanted to destroy democracy and capitalism. And the USSR feared that the U.S wanted to use its money and power to take over Europe and take over the Soviet Union. Right after world war ll, the soviets created a sphere of influence in eastern Europe, dominating where the red army had pushed back the Nazi’s.
Cold War Conflicts
Korea was split into North and South Korea after World War II. North Korea turned into a Communist. South Korea was a land of capitalism. South Korea occupied by the North Korean army. The United Nations sent South Korean soldiers to help. China troops to North Korea to help. The war concluded in 1953. Neither side triumphed. Korea remains divided. During a nuclear weapons race, the United States and the Soviet Union were in. Cuba became a communist country in 1959 and it was there that the Soviets secretly placed warheads.
Why is it called “the cold war”
It was called the Cold War because neither the Soviet Union nor the United States declared war on one another officially. Nevertheless, both sides worked obviously to prevent the other from expanding its economic and political structures worldwide.
Time Period (1945-1991)
After World War II ended in 1945, the Cold War did not start. While the Soviet Union was a significant part of the Allied Powers, the Soviet Union and the rest of the Allies had considerable mistrust. The Allies were concerned both with Joseph Stalin's authoritarian leadership and the spread of communism.
The Cold War came to an end with the collapse of the soviet union in 1991.
The Soviet Union Breaks Up
Mikhail Gorbachev took power in 1985. Gorbachev wished to construct a stronger economy and a freer society. He made changes that made the Soviet citizens want more freedom even more. Beginning in 1987 people began to demand greater independence in some of the Soviet republics. In 1989 a series of almost completely peaceful revolutions began. The eastern European countries gained independence from Soviet control. During 1991 the Soviet republics also gained their independence. On the last day of that year, the Soviet Union came to an end. Fifteen separate countries replaced it.